Response of Triticum aestivum Wheat (IPA99 variety) to Different Types of Organic Fertilizers

Abstract

An agricultural experiment was carried out during the agricultural season 2016-2017, Aba99  wheat variety was planted at Al-Shattra site north of Al-Nassiryah city in Dhi-Qar province where different types of organic fertilizers produced from (Palme leaves, cane, Aljoulan, Alshamblan, maize, wheat hay) and urea fertilizer using in a complete randomized block design RCBD with three replications, studied traits were plant height, leaf area, spike length, brunches number, spike number/m2, grain number per spike, thousand grain weight, biological yield g/m, grain yield t/h and Protein content in grains, and correlation was studied between traits. Results Showed that thousand grain weight was significantly higher when using the organic fertilizer produced from palm leaves comparing to urea fertilizer, The treatment of organic manure produced from wheat straw was superior to the number of ears and the number of grains. spike -1 gave averages of (223.3 and 59.00) sequentially and recorded the second highest average grain yield compared with the rest of the transactions at (2.500) tons. The treatment of urea fertilizer, which surpassed all the transactions morally, and protein content in grains was significantly higher when using the organic fertilizer produced from wheat hay than using urea fertilizer. Results also Showed that correlation were significant between grain yield and protein content in grains (r =0.59**) and also between biological yield and grain yield (r = 0.78**)

Salih Hadi Farhood Al-Salim, Ministry of Agriculture, Agriculture Directorate of  Dhi-Qar ,Iraq*

Maysoun M. Saleh, General Commission for Scientific Agricultural Research (GCSAR), Damascus, Syria

 Nabeel A. K.AL-kaeath, University of Muthanna, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of

Reem Al-edelbi, Faculty of Agric, Damascus University, Syria

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