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GGFDGGDMuthanna University. MJAS is published online, besides hard printed copies,  which are publicly available. MJAS is an annually published manuscripts  related to basic, physiology, crops, protection, soil and animal production  sciences. MJAS contents are open-free access, and author (s) are allowed to  do their final touch to their accepted manuscript. MJAS is published under the  supervision of BM Publisher.  

 The international number of MJAS are  
Print ISSN: 2226-4086
Online ISSN:2572-5149
Frequency of Publication
One volume per year. The volume consists of four issues.

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(المزيد…)

Updated: نوفمبر 12, 2018 — 10:17 ص

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GGFDGGDMuthanna University. MJAS is published online, besides hard printed copies,  which are publicly available. MJAS is an annually published manuscripts  related to basic, physiology, crops, protection, soil and animal production  sciences. MJAS contents are open-free access, and author (s) are allowed to  do their final touch to their accepted manuscript. MJAS is published under the  supervision of BM Publisher.  

 The international number of MJAS are  
Print ISSN: 2226-4086
Online ISSN:2572-5149
Frequency of Publication
One volume per year. The volume consists of four issues.

Editorial Board     Ethics Publishing     Template magazine

(المزيد…)

Updated: نوفمبر 12, 2018 — 9:52 ص

EFFECT OF PLOWING AND PLANTING METHODS ON THE GROWTH AND PRODUCTION OF CORN CROP ( ZEA MAYS L.)

Shaker H. Aday* Walled A. Gubiel** Noor S. Abdul jalel
Machines and Agricultural Machineries Dept.,Agric. college , Basra University*
College Education of AlQurna , Basra University*
Abstract
field experiments were conducted in Almdiana district in autumn season 2014 – 2015 in ALmalha Irrigation project , to study the effect of the plowing and planting methods on the growth and production of corn crop ( Zea mays L.) . The plowing methods represent the main plots while the planting methods represent the sub-plots .The plowing method includes four plows namely, subsoiler , combined subsoiler , moldboard plow , harrowing chisel and zero tillage. The methods of planting include rows and furrows , The results were analyzed using complete randomize design within split – plots. The results also showed that the plowing and planting methods significantly Effected the plant growth and production parameters , while the interaction was not significant in its effect on the studied parameters except the seed production of signal plant . The combined subsoiler surpassed the other plowing methods in all plant parameters studied which they are plant height , leaf area, number of ears per plant , seeds production per signal plant and seed production , biological production , number of seeds per row and weight of 500 seeds . It gave the highest values which they are 129.6 cm , 10531.9 cm2, 1.667 ears per plant-1 , 166 g.plant-1 , 6684.16 kg.ha-1 , 14.187 kg.ha-1, and 113.70 g respectively. The combined subsoiler recorded the highest seeds per ear while zero tillage recorded the lowest values which they are 89.8 cm , 6489.0 cm2 , 1.000 ear per plant-1, 92 g.plant-1 , 3975.21kg.ha-1, 12.468 kg.ha-1 , and 85.70 g respectively For planting methods , the furrows planting method surpassed the rows planting method in giving highest values of studied parameters . The values are 121.4 cm , 8803.5 cm2, 1.333 ears per plant-1, 138 g.plant-1 , 5180.18 kg.ha-1, 13.63 kg.ha-1, 100.66g respectively , Expect number of seeds per row surpassed furrows planting it gave the highest value (27.40) while the rows planting give lowest value (27.00) of seeds number per rows , whereas the row planting method gave the lowest values . The other plowing methods significantly Effected the plant parameters . The results showed that the moldboard plow and the subsoiler gave the highest value after the combined subsoiler while the results were very dose for harrowing chisel and zero tillage with small domination for the harrowing chisel in some parameters .

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AL-Muthanna Journal of Ag ricultural Scie nce s | Volume : 4 | No : 1 | 2016

Updated: مارس 23, 2017 — 9:19 ص

EFFECT OF DIFFERENT LEVELS AND DATES FROM AGRICULTURAL SULFUR IN THE AVALIABLE IRON IN THE SOIL AND ITS CONTANING IN PLANT FOR TWO CULTIVARS OF WHEAT

Turki M.Saad Abdulkareem H.Hassan Anmar H.Kadhim water &soil Science Dept. Ministry of Agriculture water & soil Science Dept. Coll. of Agric./ Univ. of Al-Muthanna Coll. of Agric./ Univ. of Al-Muthanna

Abstract:
A field experiment was conducted in an field of the wheat research station that located in the Al-Warka locality northeast of Al-Muthanna province during the autumn season 2014-2015 in order to study the effect of different dates and levels of agricultural sulfur that added to the soil planted with a two cultivars of wheat Triticum aestivum L. on available iron and its content in plant before planting stage and at flowering. A randomized complete block design with a style of split split plot with three replicates. The results showed that the agricultural sulfur addition at level 2000 Kg S ha-1 was a significant effect to increasing the soil contain of available iron before planting and at flowering because of its effect of decrease pH soil were its values was 7.14 and 7.25 for the both stages before planting and at flowering sequentially, the level 2000 Kg S ha-1 gave the highest mean of iron in the soil which were 4.15 and 4.05 mgFe kg-1 soil, the added date in September gives a highest mean for the avaliable iron in the soil before planting which were 3.68 mgFe kg-1 soil, also the added date in December gave a highest mean for the avaliable iron in the soil which were 3.27 mgFe kg-1 soil in flowering stage. Achieved the level of added 2000 Kg S ha-1 and the added date in December the height mean of iron in the plant which were sequentially 628.7 and 553.44 mgFe kg-1 dry matter in the flowering stage. And about the cultivars, IPA-99 gave the highest mean of available iron in the soil in flowering stage which were 3.20 mgFe Kg-1 soil, the cultivars did not affect significantly in iron content of plant in the stage of flowering. Interaction between the added levels, added dates and cultivars gave the highest means for the available iron before planting and at flowering.
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AL-Muthanna Journal of Ag ricultural Scie nce s | Volume : 4 | No : 1 | 2016

Updated: مارس 23, 2017 — 8:32 ص

The role of Bacterial Inoculation For Mung Bean Crop Vigni radiata L. And its Effect in increasing The Productivity Of Wheat Triticum aestivum L.

Yahia K.Challab Turki M.Saad Karrar F.Joan
Field Crops – College of Agriculture – AL-Muthanna Unive

Abstract
Implemented field experience in Rumaitha research station northeast of Center City of Samawah during agricultural season 2014-2015 ,to learn the role of bacterial inoculation for mung bean and crop impact in increasing the productivity of wheat and crop cultivation study included mung bean in summer and where mung bean crop pollinators to the bacteria Rhizobium leguminosarum and mung bean without bacterial inoculation in winter season was the wheat crop which included two varieties of wheat (Abba-99 and Rasheed ) and planted in three transactions is the treatment of mung bean pollinators and the mung bean treatment non-pollinators and treatment comparison,applied experiment using factorial design experiment full randomized R.C.B.D sectors in three replicates ,both summer and winter seasons ,the summer season has overtaken mung bean pollinators moral treatment to treat mung bean non-pollinators in all qualities,either in winter season results showed variation among varieties of wheat ,morally certain traits studied ,As Rasheed variet highest average for most of the traits studied weight 1000 grain and grain yield and harvest index and grain content of phosphorus (%) and Grain content of potassium (%) Compared with the abba-99 variet ,given the treatment of mung bean in pollinators the highest qualities weight of 1000 grain and grain yield and harvest index and grain protein content and grain content of phosphorus (%) and Grain content of potassium (%) of treated mung bean vaccinated and others compared the average 51.13 gm and 6.169 tons.h-1 and 32.45% and 9.11% and 1.256% and 2.956% sequentially ,and outperformed non-inocalated mung bean transaction to transaction comparison in all qualities.

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AL-Muthanna Journal of Ag ricultural Scie nce s | Volume : 4 | No : 1 | 2016

Updated: مارس 23, 2017 — 8:28 ص

Studying Draft Requirements and Plowing Specifications for Chisel Plow in Silty Clay Soil

A.J.Nassir M. N. Ramadhan S.D .Mohssein
Machines and Agricultural Machineries Dept./ Agric. College/ Basrah University/ Basrah/ Iraq.

Abstract
:Field experiment was conducted at the fields of Agricultural College- University of Basrah, Karmatt-Ali campus according to randomized complete block design (RCBD) with a split plot arrangement of the treatments to study the effect of three forward speeds (1.30, 0.80, 0.41 m.sec-1) and three plowing depths (25, 15, 10 cm) on the field performance indicators i.e. draft force ,drawbar power , specific resistance, mean weight diameter (MWD), plowing efficiency and degree of plowing in silty – clay soil. The forward speeds was the main plots and tillage depths as sub-main plots. The soil bulk density was (1.30 Mg.m-3) and content moisture was (10.50 %). The results showed that the increase in forward speed from 0.41 to 1.3 m.sec-1 led to a significant increase in draft force, drawbar power ,specific resistance ,plowing efficiency by (20.40, 106.62, 429.44, 109.45%), respectively, while the mean weight diameter (MWD) and the degree of plowing were decreased by (4.7 0.36%), respectively .While increasing plowing depth from 10 to 25 cm led to a significant increase in draft force, drawbar power and mean weight diameter (MWD) by (58.97, 49.50 , 82%) respectively and decreasing in specific resistance, plowing efficiency and degree of plowing by (46,96 ,36.5, 48.8 %) respectively. The interaction between forward speed and plowing depth was effected significantly on the field performance indicators. The highest level in draft force and drawbar power were 24.45 kw 22.84, kN respectively at forward speed 1.3 m.sec-1 and plowing depth 25 cm and highest level in specific resistance was 115.95 kN .m -2 .The best value of mean weight diameter (MWD) was 27.16 mm at forward speed 1.3 m.sec-1 and depth 10 cm and best value of plowing degree was 87% in forward speed 0.41 m.sec-1 and the depth of plowing 10 cm while the best plowing efficiency value was 81% at forward speed 1.3 m.sec-1 and depth of plowing 10 cm .
Key words: chisel plow, draft force, specific resistance, draft power, mean weight diameter, degree of plowing, plowing efficiency.

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AL-Muthanna Journal of Ag ricultural Scie nce s | Volume : 4 | No : 1 | 2016

Updated: مارس 23, 2017 — 8:25 ص

Studying Draft Requirements and Plowing Specifications for Chisel Plow in Silty Clay Soil

A.J.Nassir M. N. Ramadhan S.D .Mohssein
Machines and Agricultural Machineries Dept./ Agric. College/ Basrah University/ Basrah/ Iraq.

Abstract
:Field experiment was conducted at the fields of Agricultural College- University of Basrah, Karmatt-Ali campus according to randomized complete block design (RCBD) with a split plot arrangement of the treatments to study the effect of three forward speeds (1.30, 0.80, 0.41 m.sec-1) and three plowing depths (25, 15, 10 cm) on the field performance indicators i.e. draft force ,drawbar power , specific resistance, mean weight diameter (MWD), plowing efficiency and degree of plowing in silty – clay soil. The forward speeds was the main plots and tillage depths as sub-main plots. The soil bulk density was (1.30 Mg.m-3) and content moisture was (10.50 %). The results showed that the increase in forward speed from 0.41 to 1.3 m.sec-1 led to a significant increase in draft force, drawbar power ,specific resistance ,plowing efficiency by (20.40, 106.62, 429.44, 109.45%), respectively, while the mean weight diameter (MWD) and the degree of plowing were decreased by (4.7 0.36%), respectively .While increasing plowing depth from 10 to 25 cm led to a significant increase in draft force, drawbar power and mean weight diameter (MWD) by (58.97, 49.50 , 82%) respectively and decreasing in specific resistance, plowing efficiency and degree of plowing by (46,96 ,36.5, 48.8 %) respectively. The interaction between forward speed and plowing depth was effected significantly on the field performance indicators. The highest level in draft force and drawbar power were 24.45 kw 22.84, kN respectively at forward speed 1.3 m.sec-1 and plowing depth 25 cm and highest level in specific resistance was 115.95 kN .m -2 .The best value of mean weight diameter (MWD) was 27.16 mm at forward speed 1.3 m.sec-1 and depth 10 cm and best value of plowing degree was 87% in forward speed 0.41 m.sec-1 and the depth of plowing 10 cm while the best plowing efficiency value was 81% at forward speed 1.3 m.sec-1 and depth of plowing 10 cm .
Key words: chisel plow, draft force, specific resistance, draft power, mean weight diameter, degree of plowing, plowing efficiency.

 

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AL-Muthanna Journal of Ag ricultural Scie nce s | Volume : 4 | No : 1 | 2016

Updated: مارس 23, 2017 — 8:22 ص

Effect Salicylic acid treatment in improving wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and chickpeas (Cicer arietinum L.) under salt stress conditions

Mohammed Alwan Hashim Mohammed Radwan Mahmoud Nasser Habib Mahabs
Muthanna University / Faculty of Agriculture / Department of Field Crops
Abstract :
The Experiment carried out to study the effect treatment of acid salicylic in improving wheat and chickpea plants in the germination stage and seedling growth under salt stress during the agricultural season 2015-2016, designed the experiments according to the randomized complete design and included two types of crops: the first crop of wheat (Abu Ghraib) The second crop is chickpea plant (local variety) and the experimental work involved the first laboratory to determine the optimal concentration of salicylic acid (SA) in germination and growth of seedlings crop wheat, chickpeas stage was measured by the percentage of germination and length of shoot and root (mm) after the 3.5.7 days from sowing .The Experiment carried out by using sodium chloride, according to randomized complete design (0ds | m, 2ds | m, 4dS | m, 6dS | m, 8dS | m) by three replications , the percentage of germination of the length of the shoot (cm ), root length (cm), shoot fresh and dry weight (g), the weight of root wet and dry (g) after 20 days from sowing. the relative water content, chlorophyll concentration in the leaves were measured. the results showed the following: increased concentrations of salt led to decrease percentage of germination reached 61% and 46% and the average of : shoot length reaching 0.7 mm and 0.8 mm, root length14-mm and 20-mm, wet weight73 g and 85 g, dry weight 220 g and 248 g in wheat and chickpeas respectively, as well as soak seeds by acid, salicylic before planting a concentration of 1.5 mM reduced the negative effects of the concentration of high-salt, and improved values for all the studied indicators and the percentage increase follows: the average length of the shoot 73 and 37% , a radical 35 and 53.57% , an average wet weight of the root 27.05 and 43.83% , the average shoot 45 and 50% , the average dry weight of the root 27.69 and 45.2% , the average shoot 41.9 and 34.78% , the average relative water content of 10.98 and 28.35% the average concentration of chlorophyll 34.28 and 40.9% in wheat, chickpeas, respectively.
Key words: wheat-chickpeas – salicylic acid – salt stress.

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AL-Muthanna Journal of Ag ricultural Scie nce s | Volume : 4 | No : 1 | 2016

 

Updated: مارس 23, 2017 — 8:17 ص

Effect of Application of Stains of Rhizobium leguminosarum on the Broad Bean (Vicia faba)

Turki M. Saad Ghanim B. Albarky Hussein J. Mohammed
Dep. Soil and resources water
College of Agriculture
Al-Muthana University
Abstract
The pots experiment carried out under greenhouse conditions at College of Agriculture of Al-Muthana University during 2013. to investigate the interaction effects of using two foreign strains of bacteria R.leguminosarun were obtained from International Centre for Agriculture Research in the Dry Land (ICARD), and three methods for application the inoculant (carrier, infusion seeds, soil inoculation), by using plastic pots of 5 kg capacity research amid to evaluate the effect of inoculation broad bean plants. A strains diagnosed by biochemical testes, microscopically and morphological characteristics. The parameters recording at two stages (65 and 105) day the number of nodule and dry matter weight of shoot, dry matter weight of roots, plant height recorded. The treatments means compared by using L.S.D. and three replications for each treatment and the completely randomized design (CRD).
The results obtained from experiments the biochemical test proved that the two strains belong to the genus Rhizobium the inoculated plants had higher measurements in all examined plant parameters than the uninoculated ones. The interaction effects of inoculant (R483+ Carrier) showed the highest
influence on increasing all characters.

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Updated: مارس 23, 2017 — 7:31 ص

Effect of aqueous extract of flowers Roselle Hibiscus sabdariffa L. effect on the characteristics of body weight , weight gain , feed consumption and feed conversion rate of Japanese quail Coturnix coturnix japonica

Aqeel Hajim Nasser Al –zalzaly Mousa Amin Hassan Ali Hussein Khalil Al-Halaly
Muthanna University / College of Agriculture / Livestock Department

Abstract:
Experiment was conducted in research station (the first) of the Faculty of Agriculture / University of Muthanna for the period from 07/22/2015 until 09/5/2015 in order to study the effect of adding aqueous extract of flowers Roselle recipes in body weight and increase the weight of consumer, feed and feed conversion coefficient for the Japanese quail , Used in the experiment 256 chicks day-old, were distributed randomly on four transactions by 64 chicks per transaction also distributed chick embryos per treatment to four equal replicates by 16 chicks each repeater, the study body weight and increase the weight of consumer and animal feed and food conversion at the age of two weeks, in end of the fourth week were separated by sex and body weight were measured the weight and increase the consumer, feed and feed conversion coefficient .
Results showed that the addition of flowers water Roselle him extract significant effects (P ≤ 0.05) in the living body weight, weight gain, feed intake, feed conversion of birds coefficient at ages 2, 4 and 6 weeks, and the race a significant effect on the studied traits.
 Find unsheathed of master’s thesis the first researcher

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Updated: مارس 23, 2017 — 7:22 ص
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